Der Mythos um die „gescheiterten“ Selbstmordversuche

Wenn man Feministen damit konfrontiert, dass sich Männer öfter umbringen als Frauen, ein deutlicher Hinweis auf die strukturelle Gewalt gegen Männer, reagieren sie reflexhaft damit, dass Frauen öfter Selbstmordversuche begehen würden, also eine halbe Stunde, bevor der Mann nach Hause kommt, die Tabletten einwerfen. Ok, das war zynisch. Sicher sind Menschen, die zu solchen Mitteln greifen, um Aufmerksamkeit zu erhalten, hilfsbedürftig und man sollte ihnen helfen. Dennoch handelt es sich bei dem Glauben, Frauen würden beträchtlich öfter solche Versuche unternehmen um einen Mythos, wie John Davis ausführte und dessen politisch unkorrekte Seite nicht mehr online ist. Deshalb hier noch mal der Text:

Myth: Women Attempt Suicide More Often than Men

This myth developed from a distortion of survey information obtained from physicians and emergency rooms. It is difficult to trace the actual origin of this myth because it has been so widely disseminated in feminist (and feminist medical) literature that the actual origin of the myth is unclear.

The source of the myth appears to be a 2009 study completed in Europe, and, analyzed by the Psychiatry Department of the University of Leipzig. The report is: Hegerl U1, Wittenburg L, Arensman E, Van Audenhove C, Coyne JC, McDaid D, van der Feltz-Cornelis CM, Gusmão R, Kopp M, Maxwell M, Meise U, Roskar S, Sarchiapone M, Schmidtke A, Värnik A, Bramesfeld A., “Optimizing Suicide Prevention Programs and Their Implementation in Europe (OSPI Europe): an evidence-based multi-level approach,” BMC Public Health 2009, 9:428 23 November 2009.

The data collection on the study was very good to excellent. Consequently, the data is sound. However, like much of feminist advocacy research, the article draws some specious and spurious conclusions regarding the rate at which “women” as a gender, attempt suicide. It is clear from the analysis in the report that the authors intended, when they set out to write the article, to conclude that although men are more likely to engage fatal suicide methods, women (as a gender) are three times more likely to attempt suicide, therefore, women represent the most victims of clinical depression and suicidal ideation.

The actual data does not support those conclusions.

First, the data counted suicide attempts by the same woman more than once. If a woman attempted suicide 6 times, unsuccessfully, the researchers counted that as 6 suicide attempts by women. Women tend to use equal lethal means of killing themselves, such as drug overdoses, the same as men. There is, however, a high probability that a person who ingests a drug overdose will be discovered before they die, and, given treatment, or, that they will change their minds and seek treatment. Men tend to use less tentative means. In the U.S. they use firearms (which may be an indication that men suffer much more seriously than women when they form suicidal ideation). In Europe men are most likely to hang themselves which is almost as irrevocable as the use of a firearm.

Since women choose revocable methods of suicide, it should be obvious that they will survive suicide attempts. If they survive suicide attempts, then, the same women are making the suicide attempts over time, instead of more women attempting suicide than men.

Second, the data is confused and non-homogenous. In some cases, the data collected was not how many actual suicide attempts were made (the data from emergency rooms adequately shows actual number of suicide attempts when the victim seeks treatment). Some of the data sources, however, were not SSA’s [Serious Suicide Attempts] — they were merely reports to physicians that the woman had attempted suicide, rather than an actual documented event of suicide (such as we would receive from emergency rooms).

The study’s conclusions that women “attempt” suicide more often than men (as a gender), therefore, are highly questionable.

If we remove multiple suicide attempts by women from the data, and, remove suicide attempts that are merely reported to physicians by women rather than actually verified SSA’s, then, women actually commit less suicide attempts than men.

Checkout John’s author page:

Kommentar verfassen:

Trage deine Daten unten ein oder klicke ein Icon um dich einzuloggen:

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Abmelden /  Ändern )

Google Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Google-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )


Du kommentierst mit Deinem Twitter-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )


Du kommentierst mit Deinem Facebook-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Verbinde mit %s